Missing Classes in IDEA

25 November 2019

I use InteliJ IDEA for work when working on Java code. When the IDE doesn’t work, though, it’s incredibly distracting.

I had a problem where IDEA would not find a few auxiliary classes in my application. It would highlight them as errors in imports, and the search would find the source file, but technically not the class definition. I’d poke at the problem over a couple weeks, but I’d otherwise ignore it most the time until it seemed to be losing more and more of my classes, some of which I was actively modifying.

Re-importing the project’s Maven build didn’t fix it; re-cloning a brand new project didn’t fix it; and re-installing IDEA didn’t even work. Finally, I found IDEA’s config directories, and wiped those out to start over, and that cleared up the problem: I was able to find all my classes again.

Quick and Easy Groovy for the Web

22 June 2011

Groovy can be used pretty easily to spin up some simple web pages in almost the same way one would hack out some PHP or JSP without going to the trouble to do an all-out Grails project.

The Groovy Servlet allows you to pack up the groovy-all-*.jar, a simple web.xml, and whatever *.groovy scripts you want and deploy it right into Tomcat as a plain WAR file. The Groovy Servlet page

Here's a bit of a script I put together to jump start a simple Groovlet project by packaging a WAR file from a directory of scripts. This isn't Groovy Servlet code itself, but just a command-line tool. (The Groovy Servlet page linked previously has examples for writing your own servlets.) This script will copy in the Groovy JAR and generate the basic web.xml to wire up the GroovyServlet to dynamically execute your scripts. I also have a downloadable copy of package_groovlet.groovy.

#!/usr/bin/env groovy

if (args.size() < 1) {
    print """\
        |Usage: package_groovlet.groovy <war-name>
        |Package the current directory into a Groovy Servlet war.

def war = args[0]
def embed = "${System.getenv()['GROOVY_HOME']}/embeddable"

def ant = new AntBuilder()

ant.sequential {
    delete(dir: 'build')
    mkdir(dir: 'build/WEB-INF/lib')
    copy(toDir: 'build/WEB-INF/lib') {
        fileset(dir: embed) {
            include(name: 'groovy-all-*.jar')
    copy(toDir: 'build') {
        fileset(dir: '.') {
            exclude(name: 'build/**')

new FileOutputStream('build/WEB-INF/web.xml').withWriter { webxml ->
    webxml.print """\
        <!DOCTYPE web-app PUBLIC
          "-//Sun Microsystems, Inc.//DTD Web Application 2.3//EN"
          "http://java.sun.com/dtd/web-app_2_3.dtd" >

ant.jar(destfile: "build/${war}", basedir: 'build')
println "Created build/${war}"

A Groovy First Monday

22 September 2010

The new K-Prep website is implemented in Grails now, so I was looking for a Groovy way to let the computer do the heavy lifting of figuring out dates for each week (starting with the first Monday) of the school year and matching them to a list of themes.

I got the algorithm working in about 8 lines of Groovy code, and then generalized it a bit more for you here to allow you to ask for any day of any week of any month. e.g. 3rd Wednesday in December.

To get the date for the 3rd Wednesday in December, my call looks like this:

dayByWeek(2010, DECEMBER, 2, WEDNESDAY, 0)

And the implementation looks like this:

import static java.util.Calendar.*

def dayByWeek = { year, month, week, day, shift ->
    def c = Calendar.instance
    c.minimalDaysInFirstWeek = c.firstDayOfWeek + 7 - day
    c[YEAR] = year
    c[MONTH] = month
    c[WEEK_OF_MONTH] = week + 1 + (shift?:0)
    c[DAY_OF_WEEK] = day

The shift parameter allows me to optionally start a theme on the previous week in cases where that day is the end of the previous month. The static import allows me to conveniently refer to the Calendar constants without qualifying them, and finally, setting the minimalDaysInFirstWeek allows days early or late in the week to still be found when the Calendar would have otherwise preferred a longer week to start searching.

Unit Testing Grails Custom Taglibs

12 January 2010

I built out the initial iteration of my photography website a couple months ago, and I've been coming back to it recently to put some enhancements into place. I really must get the photography blog up and running, but until then, I poke around at doing the simpler things -- like a convenient copyright taglib.

I beat people at work over the head with TDD all the time, so I obviously want to follow my own example. I started out searching around a bit on unit testing custom taglibs in a Grails project. I didn't come up with much, and what I did find wasn't really exercising the parameters that come into a taglib closure.

Let's start out asking Grails to create a shell of a taglib for me in the conventional locations:

% grails create-tag-lib copyright

Now I have a shiny new test/unit/CopyrightTagLibTests.groovy and a grails-app/taglib/CopyrightTagLib.groovy, and they're empty.

I want to be able to use it like this in my GSP:

<g:copyright startYear = "2009">John Flinchbaugh</g:copyright>

I'll be giving it a start year, it should use the current year as the end year, and the body is the name to whom it should attribute copyright. If the current year and the startYear match, then it should display only one. Let's get that down in the unit test. Fortunately, the tag name used in the GSP is just the name of a closure in the taglib.

Taglibs take a map of attibutes and a closure for the body of the tag, and they render their output to the out property. My first assumption says we should see the current year only and the body text when no tag attributes are specified (empty map). I cheat a little and just derive the current year in the test to form my expectation instead of trying to inject the current date.

    void testCopyrightNoStart() {
        tagLib.copyright([:]) { "xyz" }
        def expectedDate = Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.YEAR)
        assertEquals("Copyright ${expectedDate} xyz", tagLib.out.toString())

Next, I assume if the startYear is specified and it matches the current year, it'll only display one year, and not a range. Make special note, the value of the startYear attribute being passed into the copyright method is a String. When taglibs are called by the GSP engine, they will pass in String values, so do yourself the favor and make sure you're doing that here.

    void testCopyrightStartThisYear() {
        def expectedDate = Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.YEAR)
            startYear: "${expectedDate}") { "xyz" }
        assertEquals("Copyright ${expectedDate} xyz", tagLib.out.toString())

I do a little math for the test of the full functionality and pass in last year for the startYear and demonstrate the taglib in all its glory -- showing a range of years.

    void testCopyrightStartLastYear() {
        def expectedDate = Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.YEAR)
        tagLib.copyright(startYear: "${expectedDate - 1}") { "xyz" }
        assertEquals("Copyright ${expectedDate - 1} - ${expectedDate} xyz",

I like to nail down expectations about what would be misuses as well, so I'm going to say that a bad startDate will still run fine, and it'll just be shown in the output of the taglib.

    void testCopyrightBadStart() {
        def expectedDate = Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.YEAR)
        tagLib.copyright(startYear: "badYear") { "xyz" }
        assertEquals("Copyright badYear - ${expectedDate} xyz", tagLib.out.toString())

Now that I have all my tests done up front, let's run grails test-app to see what we have! All my shiny new tests fail spectacularly, because I've not written the taglib yet, so let's go write enough of this new copyright closure on the CopyrightTaglib to get these tests to pass.

I address one test at at time, starting with just giving myself an empty closure assigned to copyright, and adding and modifying bits of the taglib code until it passes all my tests. That's how I know I've done everything I wanted and nothing unnecessary.

class CopyrightTagLib {
    def copyright = { attrs, body ->
        def thisYear = Calendar.getInstance().get(Calendar.YEAR) as String
        def startYear = attrs.startYear ?: thisYear
        out << "Copyright"

        if (thisYear != startYear) {
            out << " ${startYear} -"

        out << " ${thisYear} ${body()}"

And there it is, some simple taglib code which satisfies my every expectation as laid down in the tests. The last thing to do, is go add my shiny new taglib to my footer.gsp and I'm done. The code for the test and taglib are available in their entirety here: copyright.zip.

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